Geographical Information Systems
Year / Semester: 
Six Months Course

The advent of cheap and powerful computers over the last few decades has allowed for the development of innovative software applications for the storage, analysis, and display of geographic data. This course is to introduce many of these applications belong to a group of software known as Geographic Information Systems (GIS).


Unit 1: GIS : Geographical Information Systems

Introduction to GIS

Database & Scales

Concepts in GIS

Components in GIS

Application of GIS

Unit 2: Reading a TOPOSHEET

Components of a Toposheet : Latitude & Longitude, Scale, Legend, North

Features in a Toposheet : Drainage Pattern, Slope, Landform features, Settlement shapes

Toposheet Scales and Numbering System

Buffering, Clip, Union, Intersect, Identify, Erase

Unit 3: Data : Spatial & Non-spatial I

Introduction to Spatial Data

Concepts of Geoid, Datum, Spheroid, Lat/Long

Types of Projection Systems

Choice of a Projection system

Introduction to Non-Spatial Data

Linking of spatial and Non-spatial data

Suggested Readings: 
  1. Burrough, Peter A. and Rachael A. McDonnell. 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems. Published by Oxford University Press, Toronto. ISBN13: 9780198233657 ISBN10: 0198233655
  2. Clarke, Keith C. 2002. Getting Started with Geographic Information Systems, 4th ed., Prentice Hall Series in Geographic Information Science, Prentice-Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. ISBN NO: 0130460273