मापन एवं मूल्‍यांकन
Year / Semester: 
2nd Year

To enable the learners to understand the process of measurement and evaluation in teaching learning process, to know the procedure of test construction, to measure and understand the psychological and educational variables to acquaint with the intelligence testing and personality measurement techniques.


Unit 1- Concept and various aspects of Measurement 
Concept of Measurement,Characteristics and Function of Measurement,Scales of Measurement ,process,purposes, function and techniques of Measurements, New Trends in Measurement, Variable and their types.
Unit 2- Concept and various aspects of Evaluation 
Concept of Evaluation, purposes, functions, and its techniques, Types of Evaluation: Formative, Summative, Criterian Refrenced, Norm Refrenced,Dignostic and Placement, Diffrence between measurement and evaluation,Diffrence between assessment,appraisal and
evaluation, Process of Evaluation, New Trends in Evaluation 
Unit 3- Psychological Tests, Testing,and Interpretation of Test Scores 
Concept of Psychological Test and Testing,Charecteristics and Functions of the tests,Types of Psychological tests,Diffrence between measurement and testing,Diffrence between testing and evaluation,Process of testing,Interpretation of Test Scores ,and Uses of Tests
Unit 4-Developmental Procedure of Psychological Tests 
Planning, Writing Items, Try out, and Evaluation (know-how of ensuring objectivity, validity, reliability, norms and usability),Writing Test Manual
Unit 5-Item Analysis- Meaning,Procedures and Techniques 
Item Analysis - Meaning and objectives, Procedure of item Analysis, Criteria for selection, Rejection and Modification of items, Criteria of Item Analysis of the different types of Psychological Tests (CRT,NRT,Diagnostic Test, Interest Test , and Attitude test) 
Unit 6- Concept of Reliability 
Meaning and definition of Reliability, its Charecteristics, Mathematical interpretation of the Cofficients of Reliability, Computation of various Reliability Coefficients viz. Temporal, Eqvivalance, and Internal consistency (Test-Retest Reliability, Eqvivalent Test Reliability, Split-halves Reliability, Kudar Richardson Reliability), Reliability Index, Standard Error of Measurment, Estimation of the Reliability of Criterian –Referenced Test 
Unit 7- Concept of Validity 
Meaning and definition of Validity, Characteristics types of Validity-Content Validity, Criterian Related Validity, Construct Validity Methods of Estimating Validity, Cross-Validation technique, Relation between Validity and Reliability
Unit 8-Devlopment of Test Norms 
Meaning of Norms or Standard Scores, Definition of Norms, Need of Norms, Percentile Norms or Percentile – Rank Norms, Standard Score Norms ( Z-scores Norms), T-Scores Norms , Deviation I.Q. Norms, Stanine Norms, Age Norms , and Grade Norms
Unit 9- Achievement Test 
Connotation of Achievement Tests, Types of Achievement Tests: Oral, Written and Performance Tests Objective Type Tests: Recognition Type Items, and Recall Type items, Comparison Between Essay and Objective Type Tests Comparison Between Criterion –Referenced and Norm Referenced Tests, Teacher Made and Standardized tests. 
Unit 10- Assessment of Intelligence 
Definition of Intelligence, Characteristics of Intelligence, Types of Intelligence, 
Measurement of Intelligence, Binet Tests , Wechsler Scale WAIS (1955) , Thurston’s Tests of Primary Mental Abilities (PMA) , Non-Verbal Test of 
Intelligence- Bhatia Battery, Cultural –Fair Intelligence Test- SPM, Performance Test- Koh block Design Test , Uses of Mental Ability Tests 
Unit 11- Assessment of Personality 
Definitions of Personality, Characteristics , Personality Measurement, Personality Inventories, Preference Schedule (EPPS), Allport Vernon Study of Value (1931), Projective Techniques-TAT and Rorschach INK Blot Test, 
Unit 12- Devlopmental Procedure of Attitude Scale
Definitions of Attitude, Characteristics of Attitude, Devlopmental procedure of Attitude Scales: Scaled Statement and Scaled Response (Thurston and Chave,Thurston,and Likert)
Suggested Readings: 
  • A. Anastasi: Psychological Testing, The Mc Millan Company, New York
  • H.E. Garret: Statistics in Pschology and Education, Vakils, Feffer and Simons Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai
  • S.P.Gupta: Adhunik Mapan Avam Moolyankan, Sharada Publication, Allahabad
  • J.C.Nunally: Psychometric Theory, McGraw Hill Company, New York
  • R.L.Ebel : Measuring Educational Achievements, Prentice Hall Inc. EngleWood Cliffs
  • N.E.Gronlund: Measure and Evaluation in Teaching,Mc Millan Company, New York