Computer Fundamental and Operation System
Year / Semester: 
1st Semester

To equip student with knowledge of Computer fundamental and Operating system details.



Computer, History of computers, Computer generations, Types of computers, Software and hardware.

Input – Output devices

Keyboard,  MICR, Optical Scanners , Pointing Devices, Voice recognition system,  Digitizer,  Printer,  Plotter,  VDU

Computer Memory

Primary memory – RAM, ROM, Various types of primary memories,  Secondary Memory  Magnetic Tapes, Hard Disk, Floppy Disk,  Optical Disk, CD, DVDs.

Number System and computer Arithmetic

Decimal Number System, Binary Number System, Octal Number System, Hexa Decimal Number System

Boolean Algebra

Algorithm and Flowcharts

Data and Information Concept

Programming Languages

Computer languages, Machine languages, Assembly languages, Low and high lever languages 4 GLS, Interpreters and compilers


Computer Applications, Multimedia, Robotics, Artificial Intelligences, Computer Viruses, Caring for your PCS

Operating System

Introduction to DOS,  DOS commands

Windows XP

Windows XP Requirement, Mouse Basics, Desktop. Components of a Window, Menu bar options

Unix Operating System

Getting started on unix, file system – files & directories, unix tools, text editor vi & text processing

Introduction to linux

Introduction, History, Linux as Operating System. Multitasking Operating System.

Suggested Readings: 
  1. Milan Milenkovic ,Operating system concepts and design ,TMH
  2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Operating system Design and Implementation,PEI
  3. Computer Fundamental by A. Leon