Computer Fundamentals and OS
Year / Semester: 
1st Semester

To equip student with knowledge of Computer fundamental and Operating system details.



Computer, History of computers, Computer generations, Types of computers, Software and hardware

Input – Output devices

Keyboard, MICR, Optical Scanners , Pointing Devices, Voice recognition system, Digitizer, Printer, Plotter, VDU

Computer Memory

Primary memory – RAM, ROM, Various types of primary memories, Secondary Memory Magnetic Tapes, Hard Disk, Floppy Disk, Optical Disk, CD, DVDs.

Number System and computer Arithmetic

Decimal Number System, Binary Number System, Octal Number System, Hexa Decimal Number System

Boolean Algebra

Algorithm and Flowcharts

Data and information concept

Programming Languages

Computer languages, Machine languages, Assembly languages, Low and high lever languages 4 GLS, Interpreters and compilers

Introduction of –

Computer Applications, Multimedia, Robotics, Artificial Intelligences, Computer Viruses, Caring for your PCS

Operating System

Introduction to DOS, DOS commands

Windows XP

Windows XP Requirement, Mouse Basics, Desktop. Components of a Window, Menu bar options

Working with Windows

Getting familiar with the Desktop, Opening an Icon from the Desktop, Starting a Program, Moving from one window to another, Making the My Computer windows Active, Making the Notepad window active, Enlarging a windows to Screen Size, Reverting a window to its Previous Size. Reducing the window to a Taskbar Button, Adjusting the window size freely, Closing a window. Creating a Short-cut for a Program, Deleting the Shortcut icon, deleting the contents of the Recycle Bin

Managing Files in Explorer

Opening a Program, Working in a file , Saving a File, Printing a File. Quitting a Program, Files and Folder in Windows. Opening the Explorer Program, Parts of the Explorer window, Opening and Closing a Folder in Explorer. Creating new Sub-folder through Explorer, Copying a File, Renaming a File. -Copying a sub-folder (or a Sub-sum-folder), Moving a File folder, Deleting a File & folder, Removing the Contents of the Recycle Bin

Control Panel

Change or Remove Programs, Add new programme, Adding or Removing Windows components, Date and time, Changing the date and Time, Setting Time Zone, Display, Screen Save, Wall paper or background, Desktop Customization, Button/pointer/motion configuration, Printers and Faxes, Scanners and Cameras, Sound and Audio devices, System properties, Taskbar and star menu settings, user accounts network.

Familiarizing Accessories

Word p[ad, Notepad, Media Player. Calculator, Disk Defragmenter, Paint, Games, Help and support.

Working in DOS

Working in DOS, DOS Prompt, Typing a Command, Directories and Files, Root Directory , Path, Naming Files and Directories,Types of Files, DOS Commands -Displaying your Files on Screen -Displaying Files of some other directory/Drive -Copying a File -Wild Cards -Deleting a File -Creating a Directory with the Make Directory Command -Changing the Directory (CD) Command -The AUTOEXEC.BAT File -The CONFIG.SYS File

Windows Vista

Introduction, Background, Guidelines for Basic users, Computer Setup, Features of Windows Vita, Difference between Windows XP and Vista, Menus, Windows Explorer, User Interface, Navigation and usages, Explorer, etc.

Unix/ Linux operating system

getting started on unix, file system – files & directories, unix tools, text editor vi & text processing

Introduction to linux

Introduction, History, Linux as Operating System. Multitasking Operating System. Multi User Operating, Minimum Hardware Requirement for Linux, Linux as File Server,Peer to Peer File Sharing, Linux as Print Server, Linux as Database Server, Linux as An Application Server, Linux as Router, Linux as Workstation.

Suggested Readings: 
  1. Milan Milenkovic ,Operating system concepts and design ,TMH
  2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum,Operating system Design and Implementation,PEI
  3. Computer Fundamental by A. Leon