NWFP: Basics
Year / Semester: 
1st Semester

The objective of this course is to provide knowledge about NWFPs available under different forest ecosystem.


Block 1 Definition and Classification of NWFPs

Unit 1. NWFP: Status of NWFPs

Status of non-wood forest products; regeneration status and production of various categories of NWFPs: leaves, bamboos, gums and resins, oil seeds, essential oils, fibres and flosses, grasses, tannins and dyes, drugs, spices, lac, animal products (honey, wax, silk), edible plant products; challenges associated with increased exploitation; policy and institutional challenges; Tenure and ownership issues; the size of enterprise development; requirement for sustainable development

Unit 2. Types of NWFPs

Classification of NWFPS (edible plants, fodder species, medicinal and aromatic plants, fibre yielding plants, pulp and paper yielding plants, gums/ esin yielding plants, dyes/ tannin yielding plants, bamboo species, Insect by-products, tasar silk, plants used for making soaps, species of other importance)

Block 2 Important NWFPs in India & Himalayan region

Unit 3. NWFP: Livelihood Implications

Consumption of wild edible plants; Resin for Chir pine; Lichens and Mosses; Bamboo resources; Medicinal and aromatic plants; Wild fruits; Honey; Morchella; NWFPs success stories on livelihood; Potential of NWFPs in solving livelihood problems

Unit 4. Industrial uses of NWFP

Valus chains and women empowerment; Bamboo and Rattan; Wild Mushrooms; Bee Products; Medicinal and Aromatic plants; Furits, nuts and seeds; Value addition in Cheura; Value addition of wild apricot/ Gums

Block 3 Distribution and Utilization of NWFP

Unit 5.Fibre yielding plant species

Fibres (Fibres from root, stems, leaves, grasses); Flosses (Semal, Kapok, Silk cotton tree); Coir

Unit 6. Tannis and dyes

Tannis (wood tans, bark tans); Tanning material: problems and solutions; Dyes; Classification of dyes (wood dyes, bark dyes, flower dyes, fruit dyes, root dyes, leaf dye, animal dye)

Unit 7. Oil seeds

Important tree borne oil seeds (cheura, wild apricot, Jojoba, Karanja, Jatropha, Pisa, Neem, Palash, Maroti, Chirandi, Mahua, Mango, Nahor, Pilu, Kusum, Sal, Teak, Dhup, Bel, Sitaphal, Satyanashi, Kachnar, Semal, Kapoor, Kutaja, Akhrot, Maida lakdi, Kamala, Chid, Bhekal, Ritha, Beheda, Harar)

Unit 8. Gums, resin and oleoresin

Resins: hard resins (Copals, Dammar, Amber, Lacquer, Sandarac, Mastic); Oleo-resin: Terpentine, Balsams; Gum resins: Gambage, asafetida, Galbanum, Myrrh, Frakincense; Gums

Unit 9. Edible plants

Important wild edible plants (Kaphal, Cheura, Wild apricot, aola, wild pear, Chilgoza pine, hisaloo, Bael, century plant, kadam, Kathal, Lakooch, Malu, Quaral, Walnut, Coromandal eboney, walnut, mahua, mango, morel, black plum, imli, zizyphus,

Suggested Readings: 
  1. Non Timber Forest Products of India: S.P. Rawat
  2. Non Timber Forest Products : Conservation Status and Management: Reddy & Murthy
  3. Forests:Non Wood Resources : A Dewedi