Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs)
Year / Semester: 
1st Semester

The objective of this course is to provide knowledge about uses,status and methods of conservation of medicinal and aromatic plants.


Block 1 Medicinal and Aromatic Plants-I

Unit 1. Traditional knowledge of MAPs

Tradicinal Himalayan Medicine System: natural therapies, Household therapis, Traditional herbalist; Ancient therapies of folk science: fire therapies, Ushna sek, Aroma therapy, Sampark therapy, Suchikadaab; Himalayan medicinal plants; Tribal-Folk medicinal plants of Uttarakhand; Challenges; Traditional knowledge and IPR; International initiatives

Unit 2. Sustainability and threats to MAPs

Three dimensions of sustainability: economicl, environmental, social; Present status; Threat to MAPs; Sustaining the resources: immediate action, Long term action; Methods to use MAPs in a sustainable way

Block 2. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants-II

Unit 3. Medicinal Plant Resources of India

Indian tradition; herbalism; modern medicine from higher plants; medicinal plants and industry; biodiversity act; market potential of phytomedicine

Unit 4. Collection and processing of MAPs

Present status; reasons for collection from natural habitats; different methods of collection; guidelines for sustainable collection practice; quality control during collection; processing of maps: primary processing (handling during and immediately after harvest),secondary processin (dehydration, cutting and milling, packaging and storage, distillation), ideal condition for processing; quality control during processing

Block3. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants-III

Unit 5. Survey and assessment of MAPs

Survey and inventory: field reconnaissance, stratification, trail / transect selection and marking, laying of the sample plots; collection and preservation of maps specimens: collection, pressing and drying, poisoning, mounting and labeling; data recording, analysis and interpretation: data recording, data analysis, data interpretation; preparation of distribution and density maps: preparation of base map, ancillary data, plotting distribution and density of maps

Unit 6. Sustainable harvest and management of MAPs

Sustainable harvest; harvesting of maps; international and national regulation; harvesting management; underground parts, annual herbs or whole plants, stem bark, stem or wood, leaves, flower and floral parts, fruits and seeds, gums and resins, others (galls, lac etc.); post harvest management: cleaning and shorting, drying, packaging and labelling, storage

Unit 7. In-situ and ex-situ conservation of MAPs

Conservation; challenges in maps sector: rising demand, increasing rarity, strengthening legalized market system; in-situ conservation: through medicinal plant conservation areas (mpcas), strengthening maps conservation within pa's; ex-situ conservation Botanical gardens, establishment of herbal gardens, kitchen gardens, seed and germplasm collection, through biotechnological techniques; legal framework for conservation; medicinal plant conservation centres

Suggested Readings: 
  1. Medicinal Plants :Conservation Cultivation & Utilisation: Chopra A.K. et al
  2. Medicinal Plants of Uttarakhand: Chandra Prakesh
  3. Indigenous Medicinal Plants Social Forestry & Tribals: Singh M.P.et al
  4. A Forest flora of Kumaun: A.E. Osmaston
  5. Medicinal Plants of Indian Himalaya: Diversity, Distribution and Potential Values. : S.S. Samant,
  6. U.Dhar, And L.M.S. Palni
  7. Biodiversity: Strategies for Conservation: L.K. Dadhich
  8. Biodiversity potential of Himalaya: Tewari et. el
  9. Medicinal Plants of Ranikhet: Tewari et. el