Indian Culture: Perspective for India
Year / Semester: 
2nd Year

To familiarize learners with the rich and diverse history and culture of India and the pivotal role played in strengthening the tourism industry.


Block-01 Tourism Phenomenon

Unit 1 Indian Culture and Heritage: The Historical Context I

Introduction, Culture and Heritage: Problems of definition, Culture nad its determinants, Historical evolution

Unit 2 Indian Culture and Heritage: The Historical Context II

Introduction, Historical evolution, Science and technology through History, Environment and culture, Features of Indian cultural Heritage

Unit 3 Conservation of Culture

Introduction, Culture of Tourism versus Tourism of Culture, Conservation of Culture, Conservation of Natural Heritage/resources and environment, Conservation of Historical Heritage, archaeological sites and monuments, Conservation and preservation of artistic and cultural heritage.

Unit 4 Tourism and Culture: Some Views

Introduction, Some International case studies, Some Indian Examples

Block-02 Social Structure

Unit 5 A Socio-Historical Perspectives I

Introduction, Indian Society during the Vedic period, Post Vedic Society, Gupta and post Gupta period, Medieval Period

Unit 6 A Socio-Historical Perspectives II

Society in India: A historical perspective, Caste and class in India, Change and continuity in India

Unit 7 Customs, Rituals and Cults in India

Introduction, Customs and rituals, Cults, Sects

Unit 8 Fairs and Festivals in India

Introduction, Festivals and fairs of India: Some important features, Major festivals of India, Fairs of India, Tourism and Festivals and Fairs

Block: 03 Fine Arts

Unit 9 Dance

Introduction, Dance: attributes, Dance: Historical evolution, Indian classical dances

Unit 10 Music

Music in India- Stylistic classification, Music-essential elements, Music-genesis and development

Unit 11Painting

Aesthetics, Indian Painting, Spatial Distribution, Modern Paintings, Conservation

Block: 04 Popular Culture

Unit 12 Indian Theatre

Theatre tradition in India, The tradition of plays in India, Modern Indian Theatre, Theatrical Forms

Unit 13 Indian Cinema

Introducing Indian Cinema, Indian cinema as an Industry, Indian Cinema: Fantasy or reality, Indian Cinema in Political perspective, Image of Hero, Image of Woman, Music and dance in Indian Cinema, Achievements of Indian cinema.

Block: 05 Architecture

Unit 14 Main Archaeological Styles

Introduction, Harappan civilization, Ancient India, Medieval India, Colonial Period

Unit 15 Regional Architecture

Introduction, ancient period, Medieval period, Colonial period

Unit 16 Functional Categories in Architecture

Introduion, Residential, religious, ceremonial, strategic, Public utility

Block 6 Archaeology and Antiquity

Unit 18 Archaeological Sites I (Early Harappa and Harappa)

What is archaeological site, Discovery and naming of the Harappan civilization, Geographical spread, The period of the Harappan Civilisation, The early Harappan Settlements, Mature Harappan sites, Some common features

Unit 19 Archaeological Sites II (Post Harappa)

The importance of the archaeology of the gangetic civilization, the importance of pottery, pottery in the ganga valley, some of the important cities of north India in the 6th century B.C, Central India, South India

Unit 20 Museum and Antiquities

Museums- A historical Account, Phases of Development, Types of Museums, Museums: Roles and responsibilities, Museum organization, How the museum objects are acquired? Antiquities, Museums and tourism

Block: 7 Handicrafts – Continuity and Change

Unit 21 Commoditization of Handicrafts

Commodity and Commoditization, Indian Handicrafts: A historical perspective, Tourism and Handicrafts: Two case studies, Marketing of Handicrafts in India, Weaknesses of Handicrafts sector in India

Unit 22 Clay, Stone, Wood and Metal Crafts

Clay, Craft and Pottery, Stone works, wood Craft, Metal Craft, Artisans and Craftsmen

Unit 23 Ivory, Corals, Gems and Jewellery

Ivory, Gems and Precious stones, Gold and silver works, Ornaments and Jewellery, Other crafts

Unit 24 Textiles and Costumes

History of Textiles in India, Textile technology, Indian Costumes, Textile policy and Future prospects, Textiles, Costumes and Tourism

Block: 08 Tribal Cultures

Unit 25 Identity Formation

What is a tribe? What is identity? Types of Identity, Formation of Tribal identity, Tourism’s need to understand identity

Unit 26 History and Geographical Spread

Cultural pattern, geographical spread: Tribal zones, History, language and ethnicity

Unit 27 Society

Tribal society, Tribal religion, Tribal economy

Unit 28 Tribes and Development Policy

Planning and programmes for tribal development: British India, Planning and Programmes for Tribal development: Post Independence India, Government Policies: A review, Tourism and Tribal areas

Block: 09 Policy Issues in Culture

Unit 29 Government

Tourism, Culture and state, Government: Policy and Planning, Tourism policy: Protection and Promotion, Tourism policy: Need for reorientation

Unit 30 Trade

Archaeological, Historical, and Cultural sites

Unit 31 Media

Media and its types, Media: Implications, Role of Media, Media, culture and Tourism, Media: The Guardian

Suggested Readings: 
  1. The archaeology of Ancient Indian cities, Dilip K Chakrabarty
  2. The rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan, Select book service syndicate, 1983
  3. Gary Edson and David Dean, The handbook for museums
  4. Shobita Punja, Museums of India
  5. Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism, Valene L Smith
  6. Handicrafts exports, Global Trends and Future Prospects, Nisha Taneja and Pooja Sharma
  7. A golden Treasury, Jewellery from the Indian subcontinent, Victoria and Albert Museums, 1989
  8. Indian Ivories, Delhi, 1976 U P Dwivedi
  9. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in India, Allahabad, 1990, Chaurasia B.P
  10. Identity, Ecology, Social organization, Economy, Linkages and Development Process: A qualitative Profile, people of India National series Vol. VII, Oxford